History of Shri Chintpurni Devi Temple and Bhakta Mai Das
History of Maa Chintpurni Ji
Satiâ€™s feet fell at Chintpurni (940m) and the devout come here to leave their worries and pray for boons. The legend goes that the temple came into being after the goddess revealed herself to Maya Dass, an ardent devotee. The temple is built around the Deviâ€™s pindi. Her image depicts her without a head, it is said that she cut it of to assuage the blood thirst of her companions. And hence the name, Chinnimastika Devi â€“ â€˜The Goddess without a Headâ€™.
According to one of the sacred books of Sanatam Dharm, Shri Markandeye Puran, after killing of all the Asuras and upon victory in the big war, Maa Bhagwati's 2 'sahyoginis', Jaya and Vijaya who had killed the various Asuras and drank their blood, were still thirst for more blood. So Maa cut her own head and quenched the thirst of her sahyoginis with her own blood. Since then, Maa Bhagwati's this roop was called as Maa Chinnamastika or Mata Chinnamasta (Chinna is without and Masta is Head).
As per old Granths, Puranas and other Dharmic Books, it is also mentioned that Maa Chhinnamastika's Dham or place or temple will be guarded by Lord Rudra Mahadev all sides. Hence this place has a perfect reasoning to be that Dham/ Temple. It has Mahadev's temple on all 4 sides as
- East- Kaleshwar Mahadev Temple
- West- Narahna Mahadev Temple
- North- Muchhkund Mahadev Temple
- South- Shiv Bari Temple
Hence, this temple was declared as Maa Chinnamastika Devi Dham or Mata Chinnamasta Temple.
Katha of Mata Chintpurni
Pandit Mai Das, a Kalia Saraswat Brahman, is generally believed to have established this shrine to Mata Chintpurni Devi in Chhaproh village twenty-six generations ago. Over time this village became known as Chintpurni after the eponymous deity. His descendants still live in Chintpurni and perform archana and puja at the Chintpurni temple.
According to the Kalia family lore, Bhakta Mai Das's father lived in Athoor village in the princely state of Patiala. He was an ardent devotee of Goddess Durga. He had three sons called Devi Das, Durga Das and Mai Das. The youngest one was Mai Das. For various reasons, the family moved to village Rapoh Muchalian, near Amb (now in District Una, Himachal Pradesh). Just like his father, Mai Das was an intense devotee of goddess Durga and spent much of his time in Durga puja, bhajan and kirtan. His brothers were not too happy with him as Mai Das did not spend much time on affairs of this world. However his father made sure that his worldly needs were met.
Mai Das had got married when his father was still alive. After the father died, the brothers refused to provide any financial support to him. They told him to look after himself and his immediate family. Mai Das had to face many difficulties after he separated from his brothers. However his faith and devotion to Mother Durga remained steadfast as he sincerely believed that Durgaji removes all difficulties for her devotees.
Once Bhakta Mai Das was travelling to the village of his in-laws. After a long and tiring walk, he sat down to rest under a Vat tree (banyan tree, Ficus Bengalensis) in a densely forested area. He dozed off and started dreaming. A luminous and beautiful young girl appeared in his dream and said to him, " Mai Das, stay in this place and serve me. That will be best for you." Mai Das woke up with a start and looked around. He could not see any other person nearby and felt quite confused.
Bhakta Mai Das continued on to his in-laws' house. He was still thinking about his dream. Was that really the Devi? If so, how would he carry out the Devi's command? He arrived at the in-laws' house but did not stay there for long as his mind was quite unsettled.
On his way back, he sat down under the same Vat tree and began to concentrate his thoughts on Durga Mata. He prayed, "O Mother, I have but a small mind and cannot comprehend your powers. If you consider me a true devotee, please manifest yourself and allay my doubts". Upon hearing Mai Das's prayer, Durga Mata manifested herself in her luminous Chaturbhuj form sitting astride a lion. Mai Das fell to the Devi's feet and prayed, "O Bhagavati, do command me. How may I serve you that my life be best spent at your lotus feet?"
Durga Mata said, "I have been living at this very place for many, many years but in the Kali Yug people had neglected this spot. I will now appear under this tree in the form of a pindi (a round stone). Ensure that puja is performed here every day regularly."
Mai Das was still somewhat reluctant to live there as panthers and other wild animals abounded in the dense forest. Also as that spot was on a hill-top, there was no known source of water nearby. Durga Mata pointed to a place on the northern slope of the hill and told him to dig out a stone under which he would find a spring of fresh water.
She gave him a mantra - Namaskar mantra :
"om eM kleeM hreeM shri bhayanaashini hooN hooN phaT swaha"
so that he would have no fear. She also gave him the Mool Mantra -
"om eM hreeM kleeM chamunDaay vichchayah".
She said, "In the past I have been known as Chhinnamastika. From now on people will also call me Chintapurni as I have removed all your doubts and worries. My devotees will arrange to have a temple built here. Whatever offerings are made should be sufficient for you and your descendants. " The Goddess gave him a few other instructions and disappeared.
Durga stands for the unified symbol of all divine forces; Strength, Morality, Power, Protector. Slokas on Goddess Durga form the part of prayers offered to the goddess.
"Yaa Devii Sarvabhuuteshhu Maatrirupena|
Sansthitah Yaa Devii Sarvabhuuteshhu||
Shaktirupena Sansthitah Yaa Devii|
Sarvabhuuteshhu Shaantirupena Sansthitah||
Namastasyaih Namastasyaih Namastasyaih Namo Namah|| "
Meaning: Goddess Durga is omnipresent. She is the personification of Universal Mother. She is a Mother, who is present everywhere and who is embodiment of power and energy. Great mother, who is present everywhere and who is embodiment of Peace. I bow to that mother, I bow to Durga, I bow to Shakti.